Iran is divided into five regions. Thirty-one provinces of Iran were divided into five regions on 22 June 2014 by the decision of the Ministry of Interior. In this change, the contiguity, geographical location, and similarities of the provinces were taken into consideration. The Iranian Constitution does not define regions and these regions are not the constituent units of the country. Regions of Iran exist only for the convenience of state administration.
According to Javad Naserian, Vice President of Management Development and Human Resources at the Ministry of Interior, the aim of these provincial groups is to create synergies, exchange of experience, exchange of information and regional development. Instead of discussing the problems of the provinces in the capital, Tehran, the aim of establishing regions is to provide an environment in which regions can discuss each other.
Again, one of the aims of the regions was to plan the regular governor meetings of the constituent provinces and turn the meeting place into provincial capitals. The host province is the chairman of each meeting and a regional secretariat has been established in the capital of the main province of each region, with the coordination office at the headquarters of the Ministry of Interior in Tehran.
Five Regions of Iran
Iran is divided into five regions. Regions of Iran are Tabriz in the northwest, Tehran in the north, Kermanshah in the west, Isfahan in the south, and Mashbad in the east.
Tabriz region includes six provinces. These provinces are Ardabil Province, East Azerbaijan Province, Gilan Province, Kordestan Province, West Azerbaijan Province, and Zanjan Province. The total population of Tabriz region is 12,782,820 and its total area is 165,839 square kilometers. Tabriz is the smallest region in Iran.
Tehran region covers seven provinces. These provinces are Alborz Province, Golestan Province, Mazandaran Province, Qazvin Province, Qom Province, Semnan Province, and Tehran Province. The total population of the Tehran region is 23,343,033 and its total area is 193,109 square kilometers. Tehran has the highest population density and the highest population density in Iran.
The Kermanshah region includes six provinces. These provinces are Hamadan Province, Ilam Province, Kermanshah Province, Khuzestan Province, Lorestan Province, and Markazi Province. The total population of the Kermanshah region is 11,739,552 and its total area is 185,978 square kilometers. Kermanshah is the least populated area of Iran.
Isfahan region includes six provinces. These provinces are Bushehr Province, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Fars Province, Hormozgan Province, Isfahan Province, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province. The total population of the Isfahan region is 12,973,089 and the total area is 354,885 square kilometers.
The Mashhad region covers six provinces. These provinces are Kerman Province, North Khorasan Province, Razavi Khorasan Province, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, South Khorasan Province, Yazd Province. The total population of Mashhad region is 13,145,227 and its total area is 734,576 square kilometers. Mashhad is the largest region in Iran. At the same time, Mashbad is the region with the lowest population density.