Slovenia / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Slovenia is the country located in the south of Central Europe. Slovenia, formerly part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, gained its independence in 1991. The country joined the European Union in 2004. It is the first country to join the European Union from the Republic of Yugoslavia. Slovenian Alps cover the majority of the country Slovenian Alps and the eastern part is the extensions of the Great Hungarian Plain.

Where is Slovenia?

It is a Central European state with Italy in the west, Austria in the north, Hungary in the eastern-north, and Croatia in the south.


Most of the territory of Slovenia, which lies between the center of Central Europe and the Port of Trieste, is mountainous. Located in the Julia Alps with steep and beautiful views in the north-west, Triglav Peak is the highest point in the country. The Karawanke Mountains extend along the Austrian border. Further south and south-east are the Komnik Mountains.


Slovenia is governed by a multi-party bicameral republic regime. The president is elected by the public for a period of five years. There are Parliamentary elections in every five years.


The inner part of the country has a terrestrial climate and the narrow part of the Adriatic Sea has a Mediterranean climate. In the northern highlands, the winters are very cold and overcast. Forests covering the country are more than half of its land. The reason for this is that the temperature and the precipitation are appropriate.


97% of the population is Catholic.

Industry and Tourism

The most important resources in Slovenia are iron, zinc, lignite, and steel. The industry is very developed in the country. Furniture, textiles, chemistry, and paper are the main reasons for keeping the industry alive. Also, important agricultural products in the country include grapes, corn, wheat, and potatoes. Koper harbor is the biggest trading port of the country.

Winter sports attract many tourists to the country. Therefore, tourism is one of the important sources of income.


Slovenia’s visual arts, architecture, and design are shaped by a range of architects, designers, painters, sculptors, photographers, graphic artists, comics, illustrators and conceptual artists. Furthermore, the most prestigious institutions exhibiting the works of Slovenian visual artists are the National Gallery of Slovenia and the Museum of Modern Art.


Sports such as handball, basketball, volleyball, ice hockey, rowing, swimming, tennis, boxing, and athletics are very popular throughout the country.

Population: 2,081,633

Population Density: 103 per Km2

Land Area: 20,140 Km ²