Colors and the Meaning of the Sweden Flag
The Swedish flag consists of a yellow Scandinavian cross that is located on a blue background and starts from the left side of the flag. The design of the Swedish flag is similar to the Danish flag.
The yellow and blue color is inspired by the Swedish Dynasty coat of arms, which shows the characteristics of the three crowns on a blue background. As used in other Scandinavian countries, the cross symbol shows Sweden’s commitment to other Scandinavian countries.
History of the Sweden Flag
King Gustavus Adolphus II defined the first Swedish flag. The flag was a blue-colored background with a double tail and a yellow cross on it. According to legend, the reason for the cross being yellow is that during the Crusade of 1157, this flag appeared in the sky and descended on the land of Sweden. On November 6, 1663, the King demanded a three-tailed flag with a new edict. Thus, the cross in the flag was removed.
From 1814 Sweden and Norway united under the same flag. Thus, the white and red flag of Norway was added to the upper left side of the Swedish flag. In June 1844, King Oscar I renewed the Swedish and Norwegian flag. This new flag, consisting of four triangles, represented two states. Both opposed triangles represented a state.
In the same year, the poem written by Richard Dybeck was accepted as the national anthem of Sweden. This anthem was later composed by Edvin Kallstenius. In the late 19th century, some Norwegians were re-arranged in the form of a flag because of their opposition to the Swedish-Norwegian Union. The flag of Sweden according to this arrangement turned into the former with the yellow cross on the blue background. However, in order to represent the unity of the two states, a symbol of unity was added to the upper left side of the Swedish flag. In 1905, the Swedish-Norwegian union was over and the Swedish flag was replaced again and it became the final one with the yellow cross over the blue color.
This flag, officially officialized on 22 June 1906, continues to fluctuate in the Swedish skies.
Neighboring Countries of Sweden
Sweden, a country located on the Scandinavian peninsula in northern Europe, borders with Norway on the west and north, and Finland on the east. It is also connected to Denmark by the Oresund Bridge in the south.
Main Characteristics of Sweden
It is an economic, culturally developed country in the Scandinavian peninsula. 15% of the territory is located within the Arctic Circle. Stockholm; is the capital and largest city of the country. It is built on waters and living standards are quite high. Gothenburg and Malmö are the other major cities. It is also spoken in Finnish by a small part of the population, except the official language of Sweden. They use the Swedish krona as currency.
The climate differs in the north and in the south. The South is dominated by the Central European climate and the north by the Eastern European climate.
Fish are predominantly food cultures. In addition to fish, chicken and pork are consumed too. The sauces served by the dishes are also of great importance. The most popular dishes are Swedish meatballs.
|Currency||swedish krona (SEK)|
|Highest Point||Kebnekaise (2,111 m)|
|Total Area||449,964 km2|