Colors and the Meaning of the Switzerland Flag
The Swiss flag consists of a white cross symbol on a red square background.
The white cross on the red base represents the belief in Christianity. Swiss flag in the traditional sense represents freedom, honor, and loyalty. The Swiss flag in modern times also represents neutrality, democracy, peace, and shelter.
History of the Switzerland Flag
The Swiss Flag was introduced in its current form in the Sonderbunds wars of 1847. Before that, the troops used the white cross and red ground. However, Napoleon Bonaparte banned these symbols in 1798-1803. Since 1804 the cross and the red square were symbols of the battalion troops of the Swiss armies. Since the flags used in the battalions are square, the official Swiss flag is the only flag in the world today.
Switzerland has experienced serious problems with the shape of the flag. In 2002 he applied for membership to the United Nations. However, according to UN regulations, all member countries flags raised in front of the UN must be rectangular. In this case, it created a problem for the square-shaped flag of Switzerland. However, as a result of a little change/addition in the regulation, today the Swiss flag can fluctuate in front of the UN building in New York.
Neighboring Countries of Switzerland
Main Characteristics of Switzerland
Switzerland is one of the most beautiful countries in the world. One of the first things that come to mind when it comes to Swiss is the wonderful natural beauty. Its snow-covered peaks, the deep blue lakes, the lush green fields and the mountains covered with trees are indispensable for tourists visiting this country. The capital of the country is Bern. The country has three official languages: German, French and Italian. The population of Switzerland, administered by the Federal Republic, is about 8.5 million.
The country does not have a seashore. Alpine mountains occupy a large part of the country. After the Alps, the Jura Mountains occupy a part of the country. Since it is a mountainous country, many bridges and tunnels are used in transportation. Even the tunnels penetrating the Alpine mountains are among the longest tunnels in the world. The 57 km long Gotthard Tunnel is the world’s longest railway tunnel.
|Currency||swiss franc (CHF)|
|Highest Point||Dufourspitze (Pointe Dufour) (4,634 m)|
|Total Area||41,284 km2|