Colors and the Meaning of the Syria Flag
The Syrian flag consists of traditional Pan-Arabism colors, as in Yemen, Egypt, Sudan, Iraq, Jordan, and UAE. The colors of the flag are green, white and black from top to bottom. There are two five-pointed red stars on the white strip. The red color symbolizes the dynasty, the black color symbolizes the Abbasids and the Arab. The two green stars represent the Syrian people.
According to another discourse; While the green color describes the commitment to Islam, it also represents the abundance of land, good and good news, and prospective prospects. The red color refers to the enemy blood and the white color of peace, purity and cleanliness of the soldiers’ swords while they are struggling for independence. The black color represents the battlefields.
History of the Syria Flag
The official flag of Syria was the Ottoman State flag. This lasted until the last Ottoman soldier evacuated Damascus on Monday, September 30, 1918. In 1916, the Nationalist Arab Movement began. This movement adopted its own symbol as a three-bed flag. At the top, there was a green under the black and a white strip under it.
In 1918, when the Ottomans left Syria, Faisal was crowned kingdom with the title of Faisal I of Iraq. This flag was raised in Damascus as the official flag of Syria. On March 8, 1920, the independence of Syria was declared and a seven-pointed white star was placed in the center of the red triangle in the flag. On April 25, 1920, the Allies’ High Committee rejected the independence decision and adopted the French mandate on Lebanon and Syria. The Syrian forces were defeated in the Battle of Maysalun on 24 July 1920 against the French army. Then Faisal was taken away from his kingdom and exiled to Iraq.
On September 1, 1920, the French occupation authorities imposed a blue banner with a full white moon. In the upper left corner of the flag was the French flag. In 1925, the French authorities changed the flag, this time on the top green, white in the middle, and green at the bottom of the three lanes. However, the French flag in the upper corner is preserved.
Independence of Syria
In 1936, the Treaty of Independence of Syria was signed in Paris. Thus, the independent Syrian state adopted a flag made up of green and black colors on the white stripe and three stars on the white stripe.
In 1958, Syria and Egypt were united. The flag was replaced by a red color instead of the green color in the flag. On the white strip was also only two green stars, and this was the flag of the United Arab Republic. In 1938, a contest was organized to select the national anthem to Syria, and the composer Mohammed takes part in Fulayfel. However, although his composition was initially rejected by the government, it spread throughout the country. Upon this, the government considers it acceptable and Fulayfel is awarded with the Order of Merit. The lyrics of the anthem were written by Khalil Mardam Bey.
In 1961, following the 8 March earthquake, led by the Socialist Baaz Party, after the separation of Syria from the United Arab Republic, the Party re-adopted the flag of independence, consisting of red, white and black colors, with three green stars on the white strip. After the establishment of the Federation of Arab Republics between Syria and Libya in 1971, Hafez al-Assad, who was the president of the period, accepted the Union flag with red, white and black colors and an eagle on the white stripe.
In 1982, Syrian President Hafez al-Assad officially accepted the flag of the Syrian Arab Republic. This flag is the same as the flag of the United Arab Republic. Between 1958 and 1961, the flag of the Union between Syria and Egypt. The red color symbolizes the flamboyant swords, the white beautiful actions and the green, the symbol of development and fertility. Black color points to battlefields.
Neighboring Countries of Syria
Syria is a country in the Middle East. Syria has five neighbors. From the north to Turkey, Iraq to the east, south, Jordan, Lebanon to the west, the southwest is adjacent to Israel. The country has a coast to the Mediterranean from the west.
Main Characteristics of Syria
Syria is a Middle Eastern country with many historical structures that has hosted various civilizations and cultures. Damascus is the largest city and capital of the country. The official language is Arabic. French is also spoken by a large part of the people. The Syrian pound is used as the currency.
In the coastal region, the summer months are humid and hot, and the winter months are rainy and foggy. The mountainous region receives about 1,000 mm of precipitation per year. In the region around Aleppo, the temperature is around 38 degrees in August. Around Damascus, the continental climate prevails.
They were influenced by Middle Eastern cuisine. Food culture varies according to regions. The main foods are lamb, local spices and rice. Kebabs, meat dishes and pastry desserts are the main dishes of the country cuisine.
|Currency||syrian pound (SYP)|
|Highest Point||Mount Hermon (2,814 m)|
|Total Area||185,180 km2|