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The Czech Republic is a Central European country without coasts. The country was a result of the disintegration of the Austrian Hungarian Empire. Poland in the North, Germany in the West and Northwest, and Slovakia in the south in Austria, constitute the neighboring countries of the Czech Republic.
The Czech Republic, a rugged country, is almost equidistant from the Mediterranean, the North Sea, and the Baltic Sea. Bohemia, where Elbe River has been abolished, is located in the western part of the country. It consists of Paleozoic rocks and Krkonosse, Südetler and Jsenekyl surround it from the north. The highest peak in this area is Snezka.
The capital Prague is on the banks of the Vivata River, which is intermingled with the Elbe River in the middle of the region. Moravia and South Silesia form a sequence of ever-expanding basins from north to south. The Moravian plains divide Bohemia from the Carpathians of Slovakia and form a passage called the Moravian Gate. The Moravian Gate separates Morava and Oder basins.
The Czech Republic is being governed by a multi-party parliamentary system. There are 200 representatives in the council of representatives and 81 representatives in Senate. From 1993 to 2012, the president was elected by the parliament for a five-year term and could serve for a maximum of two terms. In 2013, the president was elected directly by the people.
There are extreme temperature differences in the country where the humid land climate dominates, the winters are fairly hard, and the summers are hot and rainy. Temperature differences vary with surface shapes. In the mountains, winters are colder than lowlands. The summers are hot in the mountains, hot in the ovals, especially in southern Moravia. The average temperature in July is 19.4 degrees in Prague and the average temperature in January is 15 degrees. Average annual precipitation; 500 mm in Prague, 1,000 mm in high mountainous areas and 525 mm in the country.
There is little religious life in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic is home to the largest population of atheists in the European Union after Estonia. There is no religious belief in 70 percent of the population. It is really surprising that the atheist population is so high that the density of churches, cathedrals, and monasteries in the country is high. People don’t use cathedrals, churches and monasteries today so they serve as a concert hall, museum. The oldest church in central Europe is in Prague. The rate of atheists in the country is so high that some depend on communism and some depend on the lack of religious education in schools.
Industry and Tourism
The Czech Republic is an industrial economy. Among the European countries, the most uranium is produced by Czechoslovakia, as well as coal, antimony, mercury, and petroleum in small quantities. The agricultural products of the Czech Republic are typical of terrestrial climatic products, wheat, barley, oats, rye, corn, and flax seed. Also, Czech beer is very famous all over the world.
Prague is home to many important historical monuments. This city, which passes through the Vltava River, offers a variety of excursions to travelers with its bridges, canals, mystic air, architectural monuments, and medieval monuments. There are many important places in the city, especially the Old Town, which is on the UNESCO History Heritage List.
Hundreds of years of first-class theater, art, and music experience have created a knowledgeable and cultured society. Prague residents love and appreciate theaters and theatricians as much as tourists, enjoying the works of Habsburg period and artifacts clearly selected for nationalism that developed during the nineteenth century.
Population Density: 138 per Km2
Land Area: 77,240 Km ²