The Gambia / Maps, Geography, Facts

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In West Africa, the only land border of the Gambia on the Atlantic coast is Senegal. The Gambia River passes through the middle of the country and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the smallest countries in the African continent.

Where is the Gambia?


The Gambia is situated on the west coast of the African continent, on the Atlantic Ocean coast. With a surface area of 11.295 km², the country is the smallest state in the mainland of the African continent. Except for the Atlantic Ocean coast, the country is surrounded by Senegal, which is twenty times larger than its surface area. The country has an interesting borderline. The real reason for this border is that, when the British came to occupy the area, the boundary line was determined according to the last distance of the canyons from the ships in the areas where the Gambia River could move by ship.


The country is governed by the republican regime. The people who lead the country as president are elected by the people with a term of five years. Since 1970, there has been no prime minister in the country. Although there is a multi-party political system in the country, Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction is head of the country administration. In the Gambia where the opposition parties had virtually no control, in June 2005 all the opposition parties gathered under the umbrella of the National Alliance for Democracy and Development (NADD) party. The military coups that took place in 1981 and 1994 were overcome without any loss of life. Yahya Jammeh took over the management as the head of the coup in 1994 and remained in office until 2017.


Tropical climate prevails. Between June and November, the weather is hot and rainy and between November and May, it is cool and dry. It has a warm and humid climate. Temperature values range from 16 degrees to 43 degrees.


90% of the country’s population lives according to the Islamic faith. The proportion of the Christian religion belongs to 9%, while the remaining 1% believe in local African religions. Interreligious tolerance is at the highest level. Muslim communities throughout the country are led by the Imam, while the Christian community can perform collective worship under the leadership of the priest. Religions that have no impact on the political life of the country do not cause any problems among the society in many African countries.

Industry and Tourism

The Gambia is a country with a little mineral and natural resources and limited agricultural facilities. 75 percent of the country’s population is living from fields and cattle breeding. Small-scale industrial enterprises deal with the production of peanuts, fish, and leather. The main agricultural products are peanut, millet, rice, corn, sesame, cassava, palm, cattle, goat, sheep, forest and forestry products.

Peanut and peanut products, fish, cotton products and palm products are of great importance in their exports. The largest export partners are India, Kenya, the United Kingdom, and Indonesia. Foodstuffs, industrial goods, fuel, machinery, and vehicles are the most important import products. The largest import partners are China, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Brazil, USA, UK, and the Netherlands.

Population: 2,204,742

Population Density: 220 per Km2

Land Area: 10,120 Km2