The Rarest Plants of the World

The Rarest Plants of the World. For reasons such as habitat degradation, runaway harvesting and the invasion of other creatures, the future of plants we share in our list is threatened. Plants that are at risk of extinction according to the World Conservation Union (IUCN).

1. Attenborough’s Pitcher Plant

It is estimated that this carnivore, which grows on the top of a mountain in the Palawan region of the Philippines, is left with only a few hundred today. The animals that enter into the liquid that it has collected in the shape of the bowl are no longer able to escape. Insects and rats fall more than 30 cm in size. This botanical discovered botanists who went to the region in 2007 on the warning of Christian missionaries. The name of the well-known British publisher David Attenborough, known for its vegetation and nature programs, was given.

2. Suicide Palm

This giant palm grows in the north-west of Madagascar for about 50 years, then blooms once and dies. Discovered in 2005, this plant grows up to 18 meters and covers an area of ten meters in width. It is estimated that there are 90 in the natural environment.

3. Underground Orchid

This interesting orchid has its whole life underground. Even its flowers are underground. In May-June, the flowers that open in cream and red colors spread a sharp smell around. In the western part of Australia, seen in a region where broomstraws grow, this plant does not have chlorophyll, so it does not have energy from the sun. Instead, a mantle living in the roots of the shrub plant feeds on parasites. It is thought that the number of this plant is less than 50.

4. Golf Ball

This little whitish cactus plant that grows in the Queretaro mountains of Mexico is called a golf ball because of its similarity. Due to the small pink flowers, plant growers discovered it and have begun to gather illegally. For this reason, the number of these plants has decreased by 95% in the last 20 years.

5. Jellyfish Tree

jellyfish fruits

It was thought that these trees were extinct. But it was found again in the 1970s. It is thought that it has taken its name because the image that appears when the crustacean juice breaks looks like a jellyfish. It is known that today only 86 of them were left in Mahe, which belongs to Seychelles.

6. Venda Cycad

Venda Cycad

This hairy-looking plant growing in the Limpopo region of South Africa was founded as a new species in 1996. It is said that today there is not any left in natural environment due to the reason of illegal gathering.

7. Acacia Anagadensis


This thorny bush plant grows in the British Virgin Islands. When the sea level rises, these plants are covered with water.

8. Coral Tree


This bright flowering spiky tree grows in the forests of the south east of Tanzania. It was re-invented in 2001, when it was supposed to be endangered in 1998. Today it is said that there are about 50 adult trees left in a protected area.

9. Ascension Island, Parsley Fern


It looks like a little parsley tree. Parsley fern grows in a volcano just south of the Atlantic Ocean. It was supposed to have been extinct for 50 years, but in 2009 the botanists coincidentally rediscovered it. They grow on the edge of the cliff, in a dry and windy environment. There are 40 of this plant today.