Tourism in Lebanon, 10 Reasons to Visit Lebanon. The tourism industry in Lebanon has historically been important for the local economy and continues to be a major source of revenue for Lebanon. Prior to Lebanese Civil War, Beirut was known as Paris of the Middle East. Lebanon received 3.6 million tourists in 2016. Syria is the most visited country to Lebanon. Countries following Syria respectively are; Iraq, Palestine, United States, France, Canada, Germany, Jordan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Australia and the United Kingdom.
The history of Lebanon is very old. It is a colorful country that lives a little in the Middle East, a bit Arab, a bit Mediterranean and a little European style. A very foreign population lives in the country than the population of Lebanon. Here are 10 reasons to visit Lebanon.
Beirut is the capital of Lebanon and the largest city in the country with a population of 1.5 million. This city has been rebuilt seven times throughout history. This is likened to Phoenix. The city’s history dates back to about 500 thousand years ago. Throughout history, it has hosted many different civilizations, especially Byzantium, Roman and Ottoman civilizations. Be sure to see sights like Sursock Museum, René Moawad Garden, Pigeons Rock, Hamra Street, Saint George Greek Orthodox Cathedral, National Museum of Beirut, Sassine Square, Rue Monnot Street, Corniche and Ottoman Clock Tower.
Tire, located on the Mediterranean coast of Lebanon, is an important port city. This city, which was first built on the island, was later connected to the mainland by filling. Today it is located on the peninsula. It is about 83 km from the capital Beirut. The history of this city is quite old. It was the most beautiful and popular city of the region during the Great Alexander period. Today, it is possible to see a historical ruin in every part of the city. The excavated hippodrome is the largest hippodrome ever discovered. Visit this historic city protected by UNESCO today.
Located about 55 km from the capital Beirut, Faqra is a Roman ancient city at an altitude of 1,550 meters. Here there are many historical relics such as the magnificent temple, columns, memorials, memorial tombs. Here is also popular with its natural beauties other than the historical remains.
Sidon, located on the Mediterranean coast south of Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, is an important Phoenician city with an estimated population of 200,000. There are many historic buildings here. But when you go to the city, the first thing to notice is the Sidon Sea Castle. This castle was built on an island in the 13th century and has been solidly built up to this day.
Situated 35 km north of the capital city of Beirut, Byblos is an ancient Phoenician port city. Although the exact date is not known, it is based on 7000 years ago. This city is interesting and popular and is known as the name given to the Bible. This city has hosted civilizations such as Assyrian, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Arab and Ottoman for centuries. The historical buildings here date back to 4,000 to 5,000 years before the millennium BC. The only known temple of Jupiter is found in Byblos, the city of the sun.
Harissa, 20 km from the capital Beirut, is a mountain village where Christian people live. This village is located about 650 meters above sea level. This village is a church and statue built in a popular and interesting village. Our Lady of Lebanon, made of 15 tons of bronze and 64 meters high, is definitely worth seeing. You can come out here and watch the great view of the city. You can reach here by cable car.
Tripoli, 85 km north of the capital Beirut, is the second largest city in the country with a population of approximately 500 thousand. The history of the city dates back to the very beginning and for this reason there are many historic buildings in the city. There are about 150 madrasas here. Apart from this, there are also many mosques, castles, caravanserais, bazaars, monuments and other historical buildings.
8. Beqaa Valley
Located in the foothills of the Golan Heights, the Beqaa Valley is a wonderful villa with a width of 20 km and a length of 200 km. It is about 75 km from the capital city of Beirut. This valley is very popular and you can witness the wonderful scenery. In this valley, you should definitely visit the Anjari settlement belonging to Armenia.
9. Mount Lebanon
Mount Lebanon, which runs along the Syrian-Lebanon border, is an important place supporting the country’s summer and winter tourism. You can enjoy skiing here in the winter months. These mountains add a different flavor and color to the country.
10. Jeita Grotto
Situated in the Valley of Nahr al-Kalb, 18 km north of the capital Beirut, Jeita Grotto is a karstic cavern of about 9 km in length. This cave has two floors. The lower floor was discovered in 1836, while the upper floor was discovered in 1958. But the formation of this cave is based on millions of years. Forget all the caves you’ve ever seen and heard. Because this cave does not resemble any cave you have ever seen. When you come here, you feel like you are in a fairy tale book or in a movie set.
We can call it the most beautiful cave ever discovered. You can walk upstairs. But you ride in the sandals downstairs. Taking pictures here is strictly forbidden, so you leave all your electronic devices in the entrance. In addition, the water source in the cave meets one of five water needs of the country.