Turkey / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Republic of Turkey; thanks to its natural beauties, scenery, beaches, historical values, nightlife, and food culture, it hosts millions of tourists every year. It is one of the most developed countries in Europe and the world in terms of tourism. Temple of Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the world is also located in Turkey. The Sea of Marmara separates Asian continent from Europe with the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. Therefore, due to the position Turkey has an important place. Istanbul is one of the most beautiful cities in the world thanks to its history, geography, and nightlife. Turkey has one of the world’s most powerful army and NATO. The founder is Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Where is Turkey?

A large part of the country’s land is located in Asia, while a small part is in Europe. Bulgaria in the north, Greece in the west, Georgia in the north, Armenia, Iran and Nakhchivan in the east, Iraq, and Syria in the south. There is the Mediterranean Sea in the south, the Aegean Sea in the west, and the Black Sea in the north.


Located in the Alpine orogenic belts, Turkey is a country with a relatively high average altitude of 1,132 meters. The Black Sea Mountains extend to the north of Anatolia and the Taurus Mountains to the south. Quite a lot of the area occupied by the plains in Turkey have less rugged. The plains in the inner regions are generally confined between the tectonic depressions in the mountains, while they are seen as delta and coastal rubble in the coastal regions. The plateaus the Central Anatolia Region is usually covered with Neogene limestones whereas the plateaus in the Eastern Anatolia are composed of volcanic materials.

The most important factor in shaping the earth’s crust is the rivers. Other shaping forces, underground waters, waves and currents, winds, and glaciers, are effective in narrow areas. The karst shapes formed by the underground waters are mostly found in the areas where the limestones in the Mediterranean and Central Anatolian regions are common. Wave and currents play a role in shaping the coasts.


Republican form of government of the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923 under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal. The official language is Turkish. There is a democratic, secular, social understanding of rule of law administration. Force separation is the essence. Grand National Assembly of Turkey legislative affairs, government affairs executive, the judiciary is independent courts do work. With the declaration of the president of the republic in 1923, Turkey has taken the title of president. The president is the head and the commander of the state. In this capacity, he represents the Republic of Turkey and the Turkish nation’s unity. It observes the implementation of the Constitution, the regular and harmonious work of the state organs.


Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, the location and the variety of landforms of the mountains, the climate has led to the emergence of different types of property. In the coastal regions, milder climate features can be seen due to the influence of the seas. The North Anatolian Mountains and the Taurus Mountains prevent the sea effects from entering the interior. Because of this continental climate is seen inland.


Turkey is a secular country. Much of it is Muslim. The majority of Muslim citizens are Sunni. Most Sunnis are Hanefi. A very small proportion of the population is non-Muslims.

Industry and Tourism

The industry is developed in the Marmara Region. The most important factor in this is transportation. Other conditions have also accelerated industrialization. Istanbul – Adapazarı, Izmir, Mersin Adana, Bursa, Ereğli, Karabük, Iskenderun, Eskişehir, Ankara, and Gaziantep are the most developed provinces of the industry. As the development of industrial activities provided Job opportunities, the population in that area also increased due to migration. Proximity to raw material resources has also been an important factor in the development of the industry.

Turkey in terms of historical richness and natural beauty is among the leading countries of the world.


Turkish music and literature carry traces of various cultures. Turkish, Islamic and European traditions united with the Ottoman Empire as well as the Islamic world and the European interaction, revealing today’s Turkish music and literature. In the Ottoman period, Turkish literature was under the influence of Iranian and Arabic literature.

Population: 82,537,032

Population Density: 108 per Km2

Land Area: 769,630 Km ²