United Kingdom / Maps, Geography, Facts

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England is the largest and most crowded of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom. The country that occupies the vast majority of Great Britain is located in the west of Europe. England is called Angleland in history. The country takes its name from Anglus, the Germanic people who invaded the island with the Saxons in the 5th century.

Beginning by the historic Celts, the UK is awe-inspiring with its villages, its monuments, and its cathedrals, which come to life till day. The UK is one of the places where millions of people want to live in language, literature, schools, art, music, architecture and prosperity.


Most of England is covered with low hills. However, as we head north, the mountainous area is increasing. The Pennine Mountains, known as the backbone of Britain, divide the country from north to south. Scafell Pike Summit with a height of 978 m, the highest point in the country that dates back to about 300 million years ago.

Having the Irish Sea, North Sea, and Atlantic Ocean shores, England is considered to be the major port of London, Liverpool, and Newcastle ports.

Britain’s climate has a variable structure. In the country where the Gulf Stream hot water currents affect the climate considerably, the winters are soft and the summers are cool. In the natural habitats in the country, mostly small animals mostly live in small numbers of large mammals. On the other hand, the country is home to many bird species.


Great Britain is accepted as the parliamentary majority. Although the state is officially a monarchy, the ruling is in the hands of the prime minister who is in charge of the parliament.

England is a parliamentary monarchy of the United Kingdom, where Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are member states. It is based on a non-written constitution; the constitution is not a single document. Political institutions have been born from laws and customs laws that have been in force for centuries with the relations between monarchy, government, and parliament. In this respect, all power is ultimately based on a legislative body called parliament. Until recently, the United Kingdom was ruled by the capital London, under a central structure. Now every country except England has its own parliament, which has the authority to make independent decisions in certain areas.

Monarchy and Parliament

The ruler is the president of the kingdom and theoretically combines the powers of executive, legislative and judicial personality. But in practice, the powers are as separate as in every democracy, and since the centuries, according to customary law, the monarchy has only played a limited political role. Today, the position of the throne, which is the symbol of the historical continuity of the country, is limited to ceremonial functions. The president of the state usually reads the annual “Message of the Queen” prepared by the government.


The UK climate, which is heavily depressed by ocean influences, is highly variable. Winter is generally soft and summers are cool. The golf stream hot water stream has a great influence on the climate of the islands. Despite being in the north latitude, the average temperature in winter is 7 ° C. In winter the western parts of Britain are more humid, windy and warm. The eastern regions are affected by cold and dry winds coming from Europe. The average temperature in summer is 27 ° C in the south and 15 ° C in the north.


The main religion in the United Kingdom is Christianity. However, the United Kingdom is a very religious society where other religions are widely welcomed and accepted, and different religions have a free atmosphere without expressing themselves.

Industry and Tourism

The United Kingdom is one of the world’s leading commercial centers and is the country that attracts the most investment in Europe. London is the financial center of the world. The United Kingdom is one of the top ten producer countries in the world. It has the largest industries of the worlds such as; Health, Information and Communication Technologies and Creative Industries. Maritime is an important part of UK life as it is in England’s history. It has one of the largest marine trade fleets in the world. The UK maritime trade fleet has about 10% of the world’s ships.


With its rich cultural and historical heritage, England has some of the most famous museums in the world, art galleries, and artistic sites where you can visit historical artifacts. You can also closely follow world-renowned musicals, cinemas, theaters, concerts, operas, ballet and dance shows and culture and art life. The British Museum in London, the National Gallery, the Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh, Cardiff in Belfast The International Arena and the Ulster Museum are just a few of the world’s famous museums. The gates of England have been open to people from different languages for centuries, and they welcome all kinds of beliefs and thoughts with tolerance. You can be part of this rich culture without feeling alienated.


The English are a society that cares about the spore in general terms. Schools also include sporting activities in social activity programs. The magnificent beauty and large English parks are the most natural sports fields. Apart from that, it is possible to join sports complexes which have many sports facilities together at a reasonable price.

Population: 66,803,093

Population Density: 277 per Km2

Land Area: 241,930 Km ²