Kabul is the largest city and capital 0f Afghanistan. Kabul, known to have existed since the 1500s, was founded on the road from the south of the Hindukush Mountains to India.
The valley where the city is located is surrounded by fertile soil. On the banks of the Kabul river passing through the city, there are narrow and curved streets, the old town and the market place, the palace of the Kingdom and the new city with its contemporary buildings. This city, which came under Arab rule in the 7th century, was destroyed at various times and rebuilt many times.
When did Kabul Become the Capital?
Kabul was used by the Mongol Emperor Babur as the center of the empire between 1504-1526. Between 1526 and 1738, he remained attached to the Muslim empire in Delhi. It was captured by Nadir Shah in 1738 and became the capital of Afghanistan in 1773.
The acceptance came under British occupation in the First Afghan War and was partially burned down with the withdrawal of British troops. In 1879, the city passed into the hands of the British again and after 1780, the city developed rapidly and gained a contemporary appearance. Kabul, one of the most important cities in Afghanistan, also has an airport. Although it is not very easy to visit as a tourist in this city where the civil wars are quite extreme, it is said that it is also possible to explore the city with some tours.
Features of Kabul
The terrestrial climate is effective in Kabul. Winters in the city are extremely hot with extremely cold summer. Rainfall is said to be mostly in February, March and April. The ideal time for Kabul is Spring and Autumn, when the city is not too hot and too cold.
Kabul’s major commercial products are fresh and dried fruit, nuts, Afghan rugs, leather and sheepskin, underwear and furniture. The main industrial products are; cotton and wool weaving, food products and marble. Kabul has many historical buildings and Mughal tombs. In addition to the garden bearing its name, many parks and garden ornaments the city that before the occupation of 1978, the city still has great tourism potential. However, since the Russian war began in 1978, the city’s economic activities have declined considerably. In recent years, especially after 2001 Hamid Karzai period revived in this regard.
Important Places to See in Kabul
Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan with a long history of 3500 years; With its gardens, walls, historical palaces, mosques and castles, it is one of the most interesting stops in Asia. Attractions in Kabul; Gardens of Babur, Kabul Museum, Darul Aman Palace.