What is the Capital of Austria? Vienna is the capital and largest city in Austria. Vienna is the most populous city in the country. About one-quarter of Austria’s population lives in this city.
Located in Central Europe, Vienna is a cosmopolitan city in history, culture, and architecture, as it is the capital of many empires. With the effects of different cultures, the city has become one of the most important tourist cities today. Besides these, Vienna is one of the most developed cities in Europe. The systematically functioning transportation network, the modernity of design used in the planning of living spaces, the height of education and cultural level and the living conditions make the city an ideal city for both travel and life.
When did Vienna Become the Capital?
It was founded in the early ages by the Celtics in the name of Vindobona. In the 1st century BC, it served as a military base and garrison in Rome administration. The attacks of the Avar and the Franks in the 6th century destroyed the city. It became a city in 1137. For 640 years, it became the capital of the House of Habsburg (1278-1918); In this period, the Austro-Hungarian Empire became the political center and the religious center of Central Europe. Moreover, for a short time, Matthias I King of Hungary (1484-1490) occupied the city. It was besieged twice by the Ottomans (1529-1683). It played an important role in the Thirty Years War (1618-1648).
The city was occupied by Napoleon in 1805 and 1809. After the defeat of Napoleon, representatives of all Europe came together at the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815). During the 68 years of Franz Joseph I of Austria’s reign, the city lived the brightest in social and cultural spheres. On March 15, 1938, Hitler’s Nazi armies entered Vienna. During the Second World War, the Allies were bombed 53 times in the air force.
After seven days of encirclement, the Republics of the Soviet Union were seized with power (April 13, 1945); 20% of the city was destroyed. USA, Soviet Union, Great Britain, France divided into occupation territories. Again, public works activities were undertaken. In the Second Austrian Republic, which was founded after the occupation of Sona in 1955, it preserved its capital position.
Features of Vienna
Vienna has a population of 1.77 million according to 2014 data. The surface area is 414.6 square kilometers. Typical Terrestrial climate dominates in Austria’s capital Vienna. 4 seasons in the city are clearly experienced. The summers are hot and the rains are rare in summer. Furthermore, the winters are quite harsh. In the spring and autumn months, average temperatures and a warm wind are dominant. Summer months in Vienna are mild. It is the hottest month of July with an average temperature of 19 degrees.
Vienna is Austria’s smallest province with an area of 414.89 km². It is also the only province without a border with a neighboring country. In spite of its small size, it has the busiest traffic and residence rates of the country of Vienna with the advantages of being a state-city. Vienna is one of the four wine-producing provinces.
Vienna’s economy is based on industry, trade, and tourism. Almost half of Austria’s economy is based on economic activities in Vienna. The main industry branches are machinery, electrical appliances, chemicals and metal production. The international trade fair, held twice a year in Vienna, provides important contributions to the Austrian economy.
Important Places to See in Vienna
Vienna is one of Europe’s and even the most popular tourist cities in the world. Furthermore, the city has everything you could expect from a trip to nature, history, culture, entertainment. Historical buildings take the people to a magnificent palace from cathedrals on time. In every corner of the city, the immaculate gardens where you can enjoy the nature built in step-by-step are the individual for activities such as relaxing, picnicking, short walks.
At the beginning of the places to see in Vienna are; St. Stephen Catedral, Hofburg Imperial Palace and Prater.