Sucre is the capital of Bolivia. Despite being the judicial capital of Bolivia, the country is governed by La Paz, where the Council of Ministers is located.
Sucre is the regional capital of the Chuquisaca region, as well as the Corte Suprema de Justicia, the Supreme Court of Bolivia. Located at 2,800 meters above sea level, the city was named Charcas, La Plata and Chuquisaca.
When Did Sucre Become the Capital?
Sucre was founded in 1539 by Pedro de Anzúrez in the region of a Charcas Indian village and was named by various names such as La Plata, Charcas and Chuquisaca. In 1561, the city became the capital of Charcas Audiencia, and in 1609 it became the seat of an archbishop.
Bolivia saw countless wars after gaining independence from Spain. The city was a revolutionary center in early 1809, and in 1839 it became the capital of Bolivia. The following year, the city was renamed in honor of the savior Antonio José de Sucre. In 1898, an attempt to move capital to La Paz led to a civil war. The Civil War resulted in a compromise. Sucre remained in the capital and in the seat of the Supreme Court in law, but the executive and legislature moved to La Paz.
Features of Sucre
Sucre has a population of 300,000 according to 2011 data. Sucre has a surface area of 11,800 square kilometers. Sucre has a high altitude and has a subtropical plateau climate. During the year, the lowest temperature was -6 and the highest temperature was 34.7. The best temperatures in Sucre are from May to September.
As there is no international airport in Bolivia’s judicial capital, Sucre, you must first go to La Paz, the country’s administrative capital, and then to Sucre.
Important Places to See in Sucre
Sucre, the constitutional capital of Bolivia, is the right choice if you want to see a truly authentic place that is uniquely influenced by the effects of globalization. With its bowler hats, fluffy skirts and bundles of thousands of things, colorful Bolivian women have never lost their originality, their laughter and their shyness are one of the things that make Sucre special.
La Casa de la Libertad, Sucre Old Town and Mercado Central are the main places to visit.