The capital of Czech Republic is Prague. In the center of Europe, Prague is located on the shores of the Vltava River. This position has been preferred due to both the tactical advantages of the region and its calmness.
Although not visited by tourists until the fall of the communist regime in 1989, Prague is one of the most popular destinations in Europe today.
When did Prague Become the Capital?
The city has a 1000-year history. The city had been in Bohemia’s Castle District for centuries. In the Middle Ages Prague became important as the capital of Charles IV. Charles IV was a Holy Roman Emperor who managed to dominate most of Western Europe. It was the place where the Habsburg Halls were located in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, and in 1918 it became the capital of Czechoslovakia, which become a newly independent country.
In 1948, the Communist regime took control and seized the city government, but as a result of the Prague-based Velvet Revolution, communist rulers were dismissed. In 1992, Slovaks and Czechs parted ways and Prague became the capital of the newly established Czech Republic.
Features of Prague
Prague has a population of 1.35 million as of 2018. Its surface area is 496 square kilometers. In Prague, the winter months are quite cold and the summer months are hot. The coldest months in Prague are January and February. The hottest months of Prague are July and August. In the city, especially spring is quite rainy. The rainiest months are May and June. The average annual temperature in Prague is 9 ° C.
Prague’s architectural texture, with its unique examples from the Gothic, Roman, Baroque, Renaissance, Modern, and New Art Movement, illustrates the examples of all major European art branches. Because of the many churches, cathedrals, and monasteries in the city, Prague is called the “City of the 100 Towers”.
Prague’s economy is about tourism. Prague is one of the most beautiful places to visit in Europe. The possibility of satisfying the different demands of the cosmopolitan groups of different individuals is the greatest proof of Prague’s rich treasure.
Since 1992, Prague’s historic center has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are 866 hectares of UNESCO’s Natural Heritage and World Heritage List. Furthermore, Prague has many restaurants and many cultural activities.
Important Places to See in Prague
Prague, the most attractive and romantic city in central Europe, is rich in sights. It is quite difficult to count all the historical and artistic riches that the city offers its visitors because it is possible to admire the beauty of any street in the city. Places to see in Prague are; The Old Town, the Astronomical Clock, and the Charles Bridge.