What is the Capital of Egypt? Cairo is the capital of Egypt. At the same time, this capital is home to one of the seven wonders of the world, the Cheops Pyramid.
Cairo is the largest city in Africa and the Arab world at the same time, which is the most visited city in the country. Cairo, which is called ‘Masru’ in Egyptian Arabic, called ‘Misru’ in Arabic, is the word ‘The Place of Combat’.
When did Cairo Become the Capital?
During the Ancient Egypt period, settlements were built in Cairo around Memphis. The city of Cairo started with the establishment of the Babylon Fortress in the 4th century by the Romans. The Coptic Orthodox, which fell into dispute with the Roman Church, settled on what was known as the old city. Older buildings such as the Mother Mary Coptic Orthodox Church, which the Coptic set up today, are still standing. With the disintegration of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire ruled the city.
Cairo’s preeminence increased in 641 with the conquest of Muslims. Ayyubid dynasty, Fatimid, and Mamelukes have successively ruled over Cairo. During this period, the city on Spice Route became one of the most important trade centers of the Mediterranean basin. With the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope in the late 15th century, the commercial importance of the city decreased to a certain extent. In this period, in 1517, the city became the capital city by the Ottoman conquest of Egypt.
Until the conquest of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798, the city was under the Ottoman rule. Later Egypt became a British colony and in 1952 Cairo became the capital of the Arab Republic of Egypt with its independence.
Features of Cairo
Cairo has a population of 19.84 million by 2018. The surface is 3,085 square kilometers. In Cairo and throughout the Nile River Valley, climate is a hot desert climate. The weather is often uncomfortably dry. The summer months have high nausea due to the coastal location. Snow is extremely rare. The average annual temperature is 21.3 degrees.
The buildings built in the 19th century are reflected in Europe, and the structures built in the 20th century reflect the architecture in Paris. Cairo’s historic and cultural structure, dating from 130 to 1900, has been registered. The Cairo Museum is one of the most important museums in the world. In this museum, there are works of Antique Egypt, and Mummies and Tutankhamen’s treasures are the most interesting part for tourists. The Cairo Tower was built during the Nasserian period, 187 meters in height and decorated with a diamond-shaped cage-lined decoration. From the navigational floor at the top of this tower, you can even see the pyramids in the Nile River and in the open air.
Cairo City is an economic and political center both by its surrounding countries and by Egypt. The government building, the diplomatic buildings, and the parliament building are located in the city center. It is a city where colleges, libraries, and universities are abundant. In addition to being an economic and political center of the region, it is at the center of education with this feature. It is an artistic and cultural city.
Important Places to See in Cairo
The city, which hosts the oldest civilizations, houses many objects and artifacts belonging to the ancient city of Milano and carries traces of the Ancient Age, has an atmosphere that encourages people to explore. The ancient Cairo region, one of the most populous cities in the world, is on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1979. At the beginning of the places to see in Cairo; Egyptian Museum, Pyramids of Giza and Khan al-Khalili.