What is the Capital of Hungary? Budapest is the capital of Hungary. It is actually a city formed by the merging of the Buddha and Pest on the two sides of the Danube on 17 November 1873.
In the past years, the Danube river separated the Buddha and the Pest. The Chain Bridge has begun to be built to link two cities. This bridge would connect two cities. On November 17, 1873, two cities were connected and the name of the city was Budapest.
When did Budapest Become the Capital?
Suleiman The Magnificent first conquered 1526, the Buddha and Pest, a century and a half of Turkish domination ended in 1686. During the Turkish administration, it became Turkified easily because it was a relatively easily accessible center from Istanbul via the Danube via the Black Sea. While Buda and Pest, which are located in a place where trade routes combine, took a rich trading city view from one side, various foundations established here gave this Central European city a view of an Ottoman settlement. Evliya Celebi visited here in 1662. He has an extensive overview of the Buddha and Pest in The Book of Travels.
In the 19th century, the Hungarian independence struggle and modernization formed the character of the period. In 1848 the uprising began in the capital against the House of Habsburg and ended a year later. Budapest was one of the two capitals of the Austro-Hungarian Empire born with the 1867 Austro-Hungarian Treaty. This compromise has started the second major development period of Budapest, which will last until World War I. Chain Bridge, the first permanent bridge connecting Buddha and Pest, opened in 1849. Pest has become an administrative, political, economic, commercial and cultural center of the country.
At the end of World War II, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was demolished and the Hungarian People’s Republic was declared. The Treaty of Trianon, signed in 1920, led to the division of the country. And also, the loss of two-thirds of Hungary’s population and land.
Features of Budapest
Budapest has a population of 1.71 million by 2018. The face is 525.2 square kilometers. There is a transitional climate between the terrestrial climate of Great Hungarian Plain in Budapest and the abundant rainy climate of Trans Danube. Furthermore, the average temperature is 22 ° C in July, the hottest month, and the average is -1 ° C in January, the coldest month.
Budapest is an attractive bridging city that combines Eastern European identity with Western modernism, its deep-rooted cultural life, its rich architectural structure, and its numerous thermal springs, where the Danube River divides into two. In the past, the economic center was Buda. But after the 19th century trade events shifted to the Pest. Moreover, the big banks, most of the foreign companies in the country and the most beautiful stores are in Belvaros district of Pest. Budapest is the center of the basic industrial and consumption industry. In addition, within the COMECON framework, the construction of machines and electrical machines has reached important levels.
The topography of the Buddha is moving, the history of the buildings and the residential areas outside the palace area. Most of the residents stay here and art activities are usually on the Buda side.
Important Places to See in Budapest
Budapest is an elegant city with rich history and eye-catching architecture. Under the influence of the Nazis in World War II, it succeeded to compromise its cultural accumulation and ethnic diversity, even though it was under the Soviet influence in the postwar period. At the beginning of the places to see in Budapest; Buda Castle, Gellert Hill, and Budapest Baths are coming.