What is the Capital of Ireland? Ireland’s capital and the greatest city at the same time. It is located in the center of Dublin County, at the mouth of River Liffey, in the middle of the east coast of the country. The city was founded as the center of Viking settlements, the capital of Ireland since the Middle Ages.
Dublin is the best capital to live in Europe and Ireland is the happiest country in Europe. Dublin is the most visited capital in Europe after Paris and London with over four million visitors a year.
When did Dublin Become the Capital?
The Greek astronomer and cartographer Ptolemy’s writings are the earliest sources of Dublin. Around 140 AD it refers to a settlement called Eblana Civitas. It dates back to the 1st century BC as the settlement of Dubh Linn. Hereafter a monastery was built here. But it was founded by the Norse in 841 as a town.
After the Norman conquest of Ireland, Dublin became the capital and the power was gathered in Dublin until independence. From the 14th century to the end of the 16th century, Dublin and its environs constituted Ireland’s largest area of government control.
From the 17th century onwards, with the support of the Wide Streets Commission, the city grew rapidly. In the period between King George I and George IV, it was the second city of the British Empire after London for a while. Most of Dublin’s most interesting architecture remains from this period.
Features of Dublin
Dublin has a population of 1.22 million by 2018. The surface area is 115 square kilometers. Dublin, which has a temperate climate due to its seaside location, does not receive as much rainfall as the north of Ireland. The best season to visit Dublin with a cool summer climate and a warm winter is May to June. Dublin’s annual average temperature is 9.7 degrees.
Dublin is a more reliable city than most of Europe’s capital. However, it is recommended to stay away from the back of the Lower Abbey Street and the Boardwalk neighborhood in the evenings. These regions are often known as places where drug users hang out.
The most famous industry in Dublin is the brewery. Guinness has been in Dublin since 1759. It is produced in James’s Gate neighborhood. From the middle of the ’90s, many pharmaceutical and information technology companies have opened offices in and around Dublin. Microsoft’s Europe and the Middle East headquarters is in the Sandyford Industrial Zone in the south of the city. In addition, Google and Amazon also have branches in the city. Intel and Hewlett-Packard have a production workshop in the neighborhood of County Kildare in the west of Dublin. Google, Yahoo, and PayPal’s European centers are based in Dublin. The city is recognized as the Silicon Valley of Europe in the international arena with its many high-tech industrial zones, business, and finance centers.
Important Places to See in Dublin
Dublin has many places to visit with its historical architecture, castle, cathedral, museum, art house, well-established universities, great parks and world famous entertainment. It is very easy to reach anywhere because it has a large public transport network. Most places to visit and see are in the center so that more than one event can be organized during the day. At the beginning of the places to see in Dublin; Guinness Brewery, National Museum of Ireland – Archeology and St. Patrick’s Cathedral is coming.