Antananarivo is the capital and largest city of Madagascar. It has the largest population density of the island since the 18th century. It is the political, cultural, educational and economic heart of the country. In short, the city, known as Tana, offers its visitors a wide range of fine eating, shopping, shopping options.
The city is also the center of Analamanga. Located at an altitude of 1,280 meters, the city is located in the middle of the island.
When did Antananarivo Become the Capital?
Madagascar was founded in 1625 by King Andrianjaka. The city was named “Antananarivo” (“City of the Thousands”) because of the fact that there were many soldiers under protection. Even before becoming one of the colonial cities of the French Empire, it became a big city.
During the reign of the Kingdom of Imerina, Antananarivo became the capital. After the death of King Andriamasinavalona in 1710, Imerina was divided into four regions and became the capital of the southern region of Antananarivo. Andrianampoinimerina, king of the last Ambohimanga, successfully conquered Antananarivo in 1793 and ended the civil war, bringing the provinces of Imerina together. In 1794, he returned the kingdom’s political capital to Antananarivo.
After World War II, the city expanded rapidly. After independence in 1960, the growth rate increased. Antananarivo has maintained its capital status until today.
Features of Antananarivo
Antananarivo has a population of 1,391,433 according to 2018 estimates. The Antananarivo has an area of 88 square kilometers. Antananarivo has a hot and rainy climate during November and April, and a dry and cold process between May and October. The high plateaus have a cool and dry climate. An international airport is located in Antananarivo.
The capital and largest city of Madagascar, Antananarivo is also known as Tana. It is the most important economic, political and cultural city of the country. Antananarivo is a multicultural city that houses people from different ethnic groups.
The Madagascar cuisine is mostly created by the influence of Polynesian Malay, African, Arabs, Indians and Europeans. In the country where rice is the main food, vegetables and fruits have an important place in the eating habits. The island grows fruits such as pineapple, mango, peach, grape, avocado and leaching. Most used meats are chicken, beef and fish. Laoka made from cooked food served on rice is a very common type of food. It is often served with a variety of sauce. In high regions, these sauces are predominantly tomato and coconut milk is added to the coastal areas.
Important Places to See in Antananarivo
The city center has many historical and cultural legacies, although it does not allow visitors to visit the city with uncontrolled traffic and environmental pollution. In particular, the Haute-Ville area is a must-see for its magnificent colonial architecture, and its cool climate, despite its slopes. There are also great markets and shops where you can buy local handicrafts at extremely affordable prices. You can visit the city by taxi, bus and on foot. If you take a taxi with the driver you need to talk to the price. Do not overlook the fact that there is a lot of traffic in the city center. Buses are quite affordable but extremely crowded.
Ranta, Andafiavaratra Palace and Lake Anosy are the places to see in Antananarivo.