What is the Capital of Morocco?

Rabat is the capital of Morocco. Rabat, which was established as a military base for the campaigns to Andalusia in the 12th century, later retreated for a while and developed rapidly when the center of the protection zone was made after the French occupation.

Where is Rabat
Where is Rabat?

The city of Rabat is located on the banks of the Bou Regreg River, which spills over the Atlantic Ocean to the northwest of Morocco.

When Did Rabat Become the Capital?

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Founded in 791 by Idris I during the reign of Moroccan territories, the city was developed and turned into an important center over the years. During this period, due to the immigration of the population increased. The city, which maintained its importance with the beginning of the administration of Merini dynasty in 1250, came under the sovereignty of the Vattasi which was another dynasty in the region in 1471. While the Vattasi were defeated by another dynasty called Saadi in 1553 and lost Fes, this situation attracted the Ottoman Empire, the superpower of the period.

Abou Hassoun, King of Vattasi, who lost his throne, sent news to the Ottoman Empire and asked for help. Then Salih Pasha, the governor of Algeria under Ottoman auspices at that time, took Fes back and gave his throne back to Abou Hassoun. Then, in 1554, the Saadis reclaimed the city of Fes, but this time they kept their relations warm with the Ottomans. In 1576, during a crisis of the throne, Portugal and Ottomans confronted the incident. During the Vadiyüsseyil War in 1578, the Ottomans suffered heavy losses in Portugal and increased their dominance with the sultan who was close to him. After these events, the Moroccan Sultanate developed considerably in the 16th and 17th centuries, while Fes became one of the most important centers of Africa as the capital.

During this process, a new city called Fes Cedid was established next to the old city. The city lost its title of capital with the French mandate in 1912 and became the new capital Rabat.

Features of Rabat

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Rabat has a population of 577,827 according to 2014 data. Rabat has a surface area of 117 square kilometers. The Mediterranean climate is dominant in Rabat, which is on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. Rabat, a city inspired by the ocean, has cool winters and hot summers. The lowest temperature in winter is 7 degrees on average, while the highest temperature in summer is 27 degrees.

Established on the banks of the Bou Regreg River, which spills the Atlantic Ocean, Rabat stands out with its historical and natural beauties as well as being an important port city. The city’s economic resources also include textiles, food and construction.

In Rabat and Moroccan cuisine, the most common common feature of the dishes is the use of excess spices. Saffron and mint are the main ones. Most of the main dishes used with red meat and chicken are prepared with sauce. Although vegetables are cultivated in the region, meat is always included in vegetable dishes.

Important Places to See in Rabat

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Rabat, which has been the capital of Morocco both politically and administratively since the independence in 1955, is not really a city that puts itself forward with tourism. For this very reason, when you visit Rabat, you can walk as if you were the only one.

Rabat, which has been the capital of Morocco both politically and administratively since the independence in 1955, is not really a city that puts itself forward with tourism. For this very reason, when you visit Rabat, you can walk as if you were the only one.

Other places to visit in Rabat include Chellah, a medieval ancient city, Hassan Tower, a mosque minaret, and the Arabian town of Kasbah.

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