What is the Capital of Portugal? Lisbon is the capital and largest city of Portugal. It is one of the mosques of the Great Lisbon sub-region of the Lisbon region. Built on the estuary of Tagus River, Lisbon is on the Atlantic coast.
One of Europe’s most colorful capitals, Lisbon is built on seven hills like Rome and Istanbul. The city, which has been the capital of Portugal since 1255, enjoyed the most glorious period of the 16th century during the time of the Portuguese Empire.
When did Lisbon Become the Capital?
The official foundation date of Lisbon is 1179 by the order of the king of Portugal, and since 1255 it has become the capital of Portugal due to its central location in the Lisbon city Kingdom of Portugal. The city, which has expanded considerably in the last centuries of the Middle Ages, has become an important trading center between Northern Europe and Mediterranean cities.
The coup that set up the Portuguese Republic on 5 October 1910 was in Lisbon. Before the coup in 1908, King Carlos I of Portugal was killed in Lisbon. During World War II, Lisbon was one of the few neutral ports of Europe opened to the Atlantic Ocean. It has become a frequent destination for refugees and casualties in the United States. A bloodless military coup that ended Portugal’s Estado Novo regime in 1974 took place in Lisbon.
Features of Lisbon
According to Lisbon 2015 data, it has a population of 506,892. The surface area is 100 square kilometers. Lisbon is one of the hottest capitals in Europe. A typical Mediterranean climate dominates in Lisbon. Spring and summer months are generally sunny. The highest temperature is between 35 and 40 ° C, the lowest temperature is between 15 and 20 ° C. Autumn and winter seasons are often rainy and windy, but sunny days are also common.
The Lisbon region is the richest region of Portugal. By itself, Portugal produces 45% of the Gross Domestic Product. The economy of the Lisbon city is more concentrated in the service sector because Portugal is a capital city. The headquarters of many multinational companies are here. The Lisbon Metropolitan Area and especially the southern side of Tagus River is a very dense industrial area.
The city center, called Baixa, was proposed in 2004 to take place at the UNESCO World Heritage List. Baixa was built in 1755 after the earthquake that destroyed most of the city, and it has a steeply crossed street and a network of streets decorated with squares. The oldest neighborhood in the province is Alfama, near the Tagus River. This neighborhood has survived throughout the history without suffering much from the ongoing earthquakes.
Important Places to See in Lisbon
Its historical texture is based on seven hills and bridges connecting the two, and Lisbon is one of the richest cities in Europe in terms of places to visit. Belém Tower, São Jorge Castle, and Jerónimos Monastery are among the places to see in the trip that you will make to Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, which is a place of interest with many places worth visiting.